FUNCTIONS OF CHIEF ELECTION COMMISSIONER
- To prepare electoral rolls for elections to the National and Provincial Assemblies and revising such rolls annually. [Article 219 (a)];
- To organize and conduct election to the Senate and fill casual vacancies in a House or a Provincial Assembly [Article 219(b)];
- To appoint Election Tribunals. [Article 219 (c)];
- To decide cases of disqualification of members of Parliament and Provincial Assemblies under Article 63(2) and Article 63A of the Constitution on receipt of reference from the Chairman or the Speaker or Head of the political party, as the case may be;
- To hold and conduct election to the office of the President as per Second Schedule to the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan [Article 41 (3)];
- To hold Referendum as and when ordered by the President. [Article 48 (6)];
To make rules providing for the appointment of officers and servants to be employed in connection with the functions of the Chief Election Commissioner or an Election Commission and for their terms and conditions of employment. Under this power, the Honorable Chief Election Commissioner framed the Election Commission (Officers & Servants) Rules, 1989. [Article 221];
Organizational Structure of the Election Commission of Pakistan
In order to organize and conduct elections honestly, justly and fairly the Election Commission is supported by its Secretariat and the countrywide network of offices led by the Secretary ECP. The Secretary manages human and material resources, formulates policies and applies them in order to create conditions where the ECP as an organization is able to effectively perform its functions. The Secretary has the support of an Additional Secretary, various Director Generals (DGs), Provincial Election Commissioners (PECs), Additional Director Generals (ADGs) and other officers. In the hierarchical set-up, the DGs are assisted by ADGs and a number of Directors, Deputy Directors and Assistant Directors. The ECP has more than 2,200 staff members across the country. The following gives a view of the current organizational structure of the ECP:
- Election Commission of Pakistan Secretariat
The Secretariat of the ECP is situated in Islamabad and is headed by Secretary of the ECP, who manages the functions of the organization throughout the country. The Secretariat consists of various wings and units: Election Wing, Budget Wing, Administration Wing, Local Government Wing, Information Technology Wing, Training Wing, Law Directorate and Public Relations Directorate. Each of the Wings/Directorates/Units is headed by either a DG or an ADG. The DGs are assisted by ADGs, Directors, Deputy Directors and Assistant Directors. The ECP has also established two new units – Electoral Finance Unit and Gender Unit – that are headed by ADGs.
- Provincial Election Commissioners’ Offices
The provincial set-up of the ECP is headed by a Provincial Election Commissioner (PEC). Their offices are located in the four provincial capitals: Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar and Quetta. The PECs are supported by Joint Provincial Election Commissioners (JPECs), Directors, Deputy Directors, Assistant Directors and other staff. There is one JPEC in each of the four provincial offices.
- Regional Election Commissioners’ Offices
The ECP has Regional Election Commissioners (RECs) in as many divisions of the country. The RECs mainly play the role of a link between the PEC Office and DECs. They also liaise with the divisional and district administrations and other public stakeholders in their respective jurisdiction.
- District Election Commissioners’ Offices
The lowest tier of the ECP’s organizational set-up in the country is at the district level, headed by a DEC. There are 126 district offices throughout the country. In addition to managing the district office, and establishing and maintaining liaison with district administration and other executive authorities, a DEC also functions as Registration Officer tasked with maintaining the electoral rolls. The ECP also has Election Officers in the districts to assist the DECs in various areas of their work. The ECP has clerical support staff across the organization. They assist in the various departments.